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2019年成考專升本英文時態知識點匯總五

時間: 2013年02月04日 來源:不詳 作者: 佚名

I. 定義:定語是修飾名詞或代詞的成分,定語可由單詞、短語來充當。當用一個句子來充當名詞或代詞的修飾語時,這種起定語作用的句子就被稱為定語從句。They have a clever son.  Do you know the man over there?

  I know the man who wrote the book.

  II. 要點:

  1. 定語從句的前面都有先行詞(被修飾語)

  This is the boy whom we are looking for

  2. 定語從句應緊跟在先行詞之后

  3. 先行詞與定語從句之間要有關系詞(有時可省略)

  4. 關系詞在定語從句中充當某一成分

  The girl who is standing under the tree is my sister.

  The man whom you want to see has come.

  III. 關系詞基本用法

 

 

主格

賓格

所有格

who

whom

whose

which

which

of which

 

  但that 一般可用來代替who, whom, which,作賓格時可省略

  Do you remember the teacher that/who taught us English?

  A bookstore is a store that/which sells books.

  The man (that/whom/who) you know is a famous professor.

  A) that 不能用來替代who, whom, which的兩種情況

  1)“介詞+whom/which”的結構中,不能用that

  She is a good student from whom we should learn.

  2) 在非限制性定語從句中,逗號后面不能用that

  She sang a new song, which we like very much.

  注意:非限制性定語從句的關系代詞不能省略

  B) 用that不用which的一些特殊情況

  1) 先行詞為all, much, little, something, anything, everything, nothing等

  Is there anything (that) I can do for you?

  2) 先行詞前有形容詞最高級修飾

  This is the most exciting report that I have ever read.

  3) 先行詞前有first, last, next, only, very, all, any等詞修飾

  The first step (that) we are to take is very difficult.

  4) 先行詞同時含有“人”和“非人”時,用that 不用which,也不用who/whom

  He talked about the people and the books that interested him.

  C) 關系副詞when, where, why

  用關系副詞when時,它的先行詞是表示時間的名詞,用where時先行詞是表示地點的名詞,而用why時它的先行詞只可能是reason,使用時應注意以下幾點:

  1) 關系代詞的選擇主要是看先行詞在從句中所作的成分

  This is the city where I was born.

  This is the city (which/that) he has visited

  I don’t know the reason why she is late.

  That is the reason (which/that) everybody knows

  Do you still remember the day when he arrived?

  Do you still remember the day (that/which) we spent together?

  2) 關系副詞when,where, why可由“介詞+which”的結構來替代

  Is this the reason for which they came?

  He left the day on which I came.

  注意:how 不能用來引導定語從句

  This is the way how he did it.

  D) As 作關系代詞的用法

  與the same, such連用

  This is the same book as I read last week.

  Such books as I have read are classical works.

定語從句練習:

1.       The book ______ is yellow was given to me by Mr. Li.

A)     it’s cover                        C) whose cover

B)      its cover                       D) the cover of that

 

2.       Who was the grey-haired old woman ______ at yesterday’s meeting?

A)     we saw her                    C) we saw

B)      we saw whom                D) she was seen

 

3.       He makes good use of the time ______ he can spare.

A)     when                        C) that

B)      in that                D) in which

 

4.       I don’t know the room ______

A)     where our headmaster lives in       

B)      our headmaster lives in

C)     in that our headmaster lives

D)     in which does our headmaster live

 

5.       This is the least interesting book ______

A)     which I have ever read  C) what I have ever read

B)      I have ever read         D) which I have ever read

 

6.       You must do everything _____ I have told you to.

A)     which         B) that   C) when        D) how

 

7.       Has all _____ can be done _____?

A)     what/done           C) that/been done

B)      that/be done        D) what/ already done

 

8.       Oct. 1, 1949 is the day _____ even a small child can well remember.

A)     when        B) that   C) what         D) why

 

9.       That was the room ______ they pretended to be working hard.

A)     which        B) in that        C) in which       D) that

 

10.   This is the reason ______ I love to read the story.

A)     Why         B) because       C) when       D) since

 

11.   She had three sons, all ______ became doctors.

A)     of which        B)  which        C) of whom       D) who

 

12.   Have you bought the same dictionary ______ I referred to yesterday?

A)     that           B) which        C) what        D) as

 

13.   The doctor ______ stepped in.

A)     Della was waiting for him

B)      whom Della was waiting

C)     Della was waiting for

D)     who Della was waiting

 

14.   I want to buy such a dictionary _____ you bought last week.

A)     that           B) what         C) like          D) as

 

15.   This is the TV station ______ we visited last year.

A)     Where        B) that           C) to which       D) in which

 

16.   Do you still remember the days ______ we spent together in Australia?

A)     when        B) during which        C) which       D) on which

 

17.   Have you ever asked him the reason _____ may explain his absence?

A)     why  B) when                C) that        D) what

 

18.   Mary is good at English and mathematics, ______ we all know very well in our school.

A)     that           B) what         C) /               D) as

 

19.   Let’s go and visit Mr. Brown, ______ you know visited us last year.

A)     that           B) who          C) whom        D) whose

 

20.   She is pleased with ______ you have given her and ______ you have told her.

A)     that/that       B) what/that      C) what/all what D) all/what

21.   I, who ____ your friend, will try my best to help you.

A)     be             B) am           C) are           D) is

 

22.   I’ll remember the days and nights ______ we were together in Australia.

A)     when        B) that           C) at which       D) at when

 

23.   The world ______ is made up of matter.

A)     in that we live                C) on which we live

B)      where we live in            D) we live in

 

24.   This is the most difficult book ______.

A)     what I have ever read  C) which I have ever read

B)      I have ever read it        D) that I have ever read

 

25.   There comes a time in every man’s life ______.

A)     then he has to think         C) when he has to think

B)      therefore he has to think D) about which he has to think

 

26.   He spoke confidently, _____ impressed me most. 

A) so that         B) that               C) it                     D) which

 

27.   He took down a square green bottle, _____ he poured into a dish. 

A) its content     B) which content     C) the content of which      D) the content of that

 

28.   It wasn’t such a good dinner _____ she had promised us.

A) that                   B) which                          C) as                            D) what

 

29.   All _____ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.

A) what is needed     B) for our needs       C) the thing needed     D) that is needed

 

30.   The goals _____ he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him.

A) after which      B) for which              C) with which              D) at which


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